What is PAN its Need and Online PAN Verification



Permanent Account Number (PAN) is a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the Income Tax Department, to any "person" who applies for it or to whom the department allots the number without an application.

PAN enables the department to link all transactions of the "person" with the department. These transactions include tax payments, TDS/TCS credits, returns of income/wealth/gift/FBT, specified transactions, correspondence, and so on. PAN, thus, acts as an identifier for the "person" with the tax 

PAN was introduced to facilitates linking of various documents, including payment of taxes, assessment, tax demand, tax arrears etc. relating to an assessee, to facilitate easy retrieval of information and to facilitate matching of information relating to investment, raising of loans and other business activities of taxpayers collected through various sources, both internal as well as external, for detecting and combating tax evasion and widening of tax base.

A typical PAN is AFZPK7190K.

First three characters i.e. "AFZ" in the above PAN are alphabetic series running from

Fourth character of PAN i.e. "P" in the above PAN represents the status of the PAN holder.

  • A — Association of Persons (AOP)
  • B — Body of Individuals (BOI)
  • C — Company
  • F — Firm
  • G — Government
  • H — HUF (Hindu Undivided Family)
  • L — Local Authority
  • J — Artificial Juridical Person
  • P — Individual
  • T — Trust(AOP)
  • K — Krish (Trust Krish)

Fifth character i.e. "K" in the above PAN represents first character of the PAN
holder's last name/surname.

Next four characters i.e. "7190" in the above PAN are sequential number running from 0001 to 9999.
Last character i.e. "K" in the above PAN is an alphabetic check digit.

PAN legal Formalities
The legal authority for allotment and use of the new series of PAN is derived from Section 139A of the Income-tax Act, 1961. This section lays down the framework for PAN, e.g, who is required to apply for PAN, who else can apply for PAN, who will allot PAN, transactions where PAN is required to be quoted, use of PAN in TDS certificates and TDS returns, that one person can have only one PAN and the manner of applying for PAN.
The manner of applying for PAN is laid down in Rule 114 of the Income-tax Rules, 1962. This rule, amended in 2011, also specifies the copies of documents required to be submitted along with the PAN application (in form 49A or 49AA, as the case may be) as proof of identity and address of the PAN applicant.
Rule 114B lists down the documents in which PAN is required to be quoted while entering into specified transactions/activities. Persons who do not have PAN are exempted from quoting PAN on furnishing a declaration in Form 60. Rule 114C lists the persons to whom section 139A does not apply. These are persons who have agricultural income by furnishing declaration in Form 61, non-residents, and Central Govt./State Govt. and Consular offices, where they are payers.
Penalty of Rs.10,000/- is imposable u/s 272B for failure to comply with the provisions of section 139A.


It is mandatory to quote PAN on return of income, all correspondence with any income tax authority. From 1 January 2005 it has become mandatory to quote PAN on challans for any payments due to Income Tax Department.
It is also compulsory to quote PAN in all documents pertaining to the following financial transactions :
  1. sale or purchase of any immovable property valued at five lakh rupees or more;
  2. sale or purchase of a motor vehicle or vehicle, [the sale or purchase of a motor vehicle or vehicle does not include two wheeled vehicles, inclusive of any detachable side-car having an extra wheel, attached to the motor vehicle;]
  3. a time deposit, exceeding fifty thousand rupees, with a banking company ;
  4. a deposit, exceeding fifty thousand rupees, in any account with Post Office Savings Bank;
  5. a contract of a value exceeding one lakh rupees for sale or purchase of securities;
  6. opening a bank account;
  7. making an application for installation of a telephone connection (including a cellular telephone connection);
  8. payment to hotels and restaurants against their bills for an amount exceeding twenty-five thousand rupees at any one time ;
  9. payment in cash for purchase of bank drafts or pay orders or banker's cheques for an amount aggregating fifty thousand rupees or more during any one day;
  10. deposit in cash aggregating fifty thousand rupees or more with a bank during any one day;
  11. payment in cash in connection with travel to any foreign country of an amount exceeding twenty-five thousand rupees at any one time.
  12. making an application for issue of credit card or debit card.
  13. payment of an amount of fifty thousand rupees or more to a Mutual Fund for purchase of its units;
  14. payment of an amount of fifty thousand rupees or more to a company for acquiring shares issued by it;
  15. payment of an amount of fifty thousand rupees or more to a company or an institution for acquiring debentures or bonds issued by it;
  16. payment of an amount of fifty thousand rupees or more to the Reserve Bank of India
  17. payment of an amount aggregating fifty thousand rupees or more in a year as life insurance premium to an insurer
  18. payment to a dealer,
    1. of an amount of five lakh rupees or more at any one time; or
    2. against, a bill for an amount of five lakh rupees or more, for purchase of bullion or jewellery

How to apply for PAN?

PAN can be applied in 2 mode via online or via offline pan Application Center

1) Online Application - An online application can be made from the website of UTIITSL or NSDL
Click to apply Online
2) Through PAN Application Center - Application for PAN can be submitted at the PAN Application center (a) NSDL PAN center and Tin Facilitation Center (b) UTITSL

PAN Verification

As of now Pan Verification from Income tax websites is withdrawn but still there is some way to verify the PAN via PAN number or Assessee name and Date of Birth
Remember on below links only those pan can be verified from which investment is made in security market.

otherwise one more option is there just go to the nsdl online tax Payment Site and enter the pan which you want to verified and fill any details may be bogus and select bank then proceed Name Related to PAN will be Displayed.

Site links are




Saral Tax India: What is PAN its Need and Online PAN Verification
What is PAN its Need and Online PAN Verification
Saral Tax India
Loaded All Posts Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy